Hand-arm vibration is transmitted from construction work activity into the hands and arms when:
- using hand held power tools, such as road breakers;
- using hand guided equipment such as a vibrating compactor;
- holding materials being processes by a machine.
Construction workers are more likely to suffer permanent harm if contact with vibration is a regular and frequent part of their job.
Hand-arm vibration can cause a range of conditions called hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS).
The best known is vibration white finger (VWF), but vibration also links to specific diseases such as carpal tunnel.